Derms describe hyperpigmentation as a discoloration issue, precisely when a patch of the skin gets darker than surrounding areas. It’s obvious that not many people are OK with these dark spots that appear on the skin. If you aim for a perfectly even tone and these hyperpigmentation signs stay in your way, then you have to check out these home remedies.
Usually, hyperpigmentation may respond positively to simple home treatment. Natural remedies shall replenish and protect skin cells or replace the hyperpigmented ones with new, fresh cells. The best part is that household products do not expose the skin as much as a chemical peel in the dermatologist’s office. In plus, they might have gentile effects and help improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
The best home remedies to treat hyperpigmentation
Believe it or not, these remedies can help you out by removing hyperpigmentation signs and lightening the skin. They don’t require much work and hey – they’re 100% natural.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which trusted sources show may lighten pigmentation. A study in the journal Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine notes that apple cider vinegar also contains polyphenols — compounds that act as antioxidants and protect skin cells. Here’s how you can benefit from it:
- Step 1: Combine equal parts apple cider vinegar and water in a cup
- Step 2: Apply to your dark patches and leave on three minutes
- Step 3: Rinse using lukewarm water
For this home remedy, we recommend the Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar which is 100% organic and natural. You can buy it on Amazon from here.
Yogurt or Milk
Yogurt and milk both contain lactic acid, which has been shown to lighten skin discoloration effectively. Studies found that lactic acid may be more effective in the treatment of melasma (a common skin problem that causes dark and discolored patches) than chemical peelings. The process is easy and can be done in less than 1 minute:
- Step 1: Soak a cotton ball in milk or yogurt
- Step 2: Rub it over darkened skin patches twice a day
The main active ingredient of green tea is epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which helps alter the pigmentation of the skin in some cases. A review in the Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery notes that EGCG is an antioxidant compound that helps block the processes in cells that lead to hyperpigmentation. Green tea has also shown clinical efficacy in treating melasma, where it was reported to clear lesions in 60% of cases.
- Step 1: Steep a green tea bag in boiled water for three to five minutes
- Step 2: Remove the tea bag from the water and let cool
- Step 3: Rub the tea bag over your dark patches
Red onions may be a helpful skin whitening agent, as the isolates in them block the cell actions that lead to excess pigmentation. This research has found that the dried skin of red onions can effectively lighten dark patches. There is a simple way to use red onion.
- Step 1: Grind the onion
- Step 2: Add it to an empty tea bag
- Step 3: Apply the pack to the areas of hyperpigmentation
Applying aloe vera gel directly to the dark spots may also be an excellent way to reduce hyperpigmentation over time. According to this 2012 study, aloe vera contains aloin, a natural depigmenting compound that has been shown to lighten skin and work effectively as a nontoxic hyperpigmentation treatment. You can try the organic aloe vera gel from Earth’s Daugther free of paraben or any other chemicals.
- Step 1: Take the gel from an aloe vera leaf with a spoon
- Step 2: Apply the gel to pigmented areas before bedtime
- Step 3: Rinse with warm water the next morning
Licorice extract may help reduce pigmentation naturally thanks to Glabaridin, which is the main licorice compound, as a review in the Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery notes. This ingredient has been shown to inhibit UVB-induced pigmentation and tyrosinase without affecting DNA synthesis, and possess anti-inflammatory properties. Studies found that Glabridin has a skin lightening effect 16 times greater than that of hydroquinone (depigmenting agent) and might reduce UVB pigmentation.
- Step 1: Put the licorice extract into a small cup
- Step 2: Pour a few drops of freshwater over it to make a paste
- Step 3: Apply on dark patches areas
- Step 4: Leave it action 20 minutes, then rinse with warm water
The most convenient way is to try the powder 100% organic licorice root powder from Just Jaivik. It comes in a pack of 227g which is more than enough — buy it online from here.
The Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery review highlights potential home remedies for hyperpigmentation, including vitamin C. In forms of ascorbic acid or citric acid, vitamin C may brighten the skin and remove dark spots and discoloration. Applying accessible sources of vitamin C, such as grapefruit, lemon, oranges, or papaya to the skin, may help increase the antioxidants on the surface and lighten the cells in time. But since it’s believed that applying citric fruits direct to your skin may lead to discoloration, I would rather bet on a vitamin C serum.
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring antioxidant found in red grapes, which is why red wine is such a great source of it. Studies show that resveratrol possesses skin lightening effects since it decreases melanin content in skin cells by inhibiting tyrosinase activity. As such resveratrol is touted as one of the best natural remedies for hyperpigmentation and skin discolorations.
When you should see a doctor?
If hyperpigmentation does not respond to any home remedy, you may have to see a doctor for a full diagnosis and treatment. Those treatments can include chemical peels, microdermabrasion, cryotherapy, or laser resurfacing. All these processes help resurface the skin and replace the damaged cells, which may reduce hyperpigmentation.